History has several precious pearls in its annals which really leave you in astounding amazement. The history of temples is also one of those pearls. Historically significant Sun temple or Black Pagoda is the masterpiece that has been enticing the heritage of world since (1250 A.D.) thirteenth century. One of the seven wonders of India- ‘Sun temple’ is located 3 Km away from the seashore at Konark in Orissa having 20 feet to 25 feet width of wall made up of oxidized and weathered ferruginous sandstone.

Ruling Dynasty at the time of construction:

The marvelous conception of carving chariot shaped architecture in the form of Sun Temple, depicts as being pulled by the power of seven stony horses with the aid of twelve pairs of wheels, is the gift of the heir belonging to Narsimhadeva of the eastern ‘Ganga Dynasty’.  It epitomizes the great art replica of the sun’s majestic parade representing the apex art of the ancient Kalinga.


The son of lord Krishna called Samba had been kept enduring the mar of Leprosy due to his father’s curse for twelve years. Then, the mighty deity -the sun came to rescue him from such disgusting disease and finally, cured him. Thus, the idea of paying homage via constructing Sun temple struck to his mind.

Narsimhadeva’s royal proclamation was implemented by 12 hundred skilled artisans and a crew of architects which took at stretch 12 years for its completion. The 12 years old son of veteran architect Bisu Maharana namely, Dharmapada, sacrificed his life for offering his architectural service and knowledge. But later, his teenage body was found near sea shore at the foot of the temple that conveys the pious offering of his life as a real savior of his community.

After its furnishing, the afghan general invaded into the territory of Orissa. But wise ruler Narsimhadeva had trapped him under a clever subterfuge of offering subdue without having any formal battle between both of their warriors. He sent a letter of   doctrine in which rules of surrendering were mentioned saying,

  • All the inhabitants of Orissa had to embrace Islam religion in front of Jagannath temple.
  • Handover the arsenals and arms to Mughal army.
  • Agree to pay Jazia- a kind of religious tax imposed on visiting any pilgrimage.

The ruler consented to obey as a matter of plan and ordered all the natives of Orissa to get ready for pitching the battle by hiding at every possible nook whenever afghan’s army would enter. They followed the same instructions and pounced them under their claws. Hence, they emerged as victorious.