Location: The historical monument popularly known as ‘Salimgarh Fort’ is introducing the flavor of history in the modern city of Delhi near Yamuna River. It constituted an integral part of the Red Fort Complex before intervention of Indian government that made it stand apart as being divided by the railway line.

Founder: Salim Shah Suri (the son of Sher Shah Suri of Sur dynasty)

Significance: The idea of fortifying Delhi in order to protect it from being eroded by the Yamuna River on one side and the Aravalli range of hills and mosque Jama Masjid from the other side is beyond excellence. The wise ruler instructed to build this fort by keeping in mind the perfect topology of the surrounding as foregone mountain range hampered any invasion into Delhi and the other course from river side would compel them to cover a long journey for invasion in the city.

History:

  • The powerful ruler called Sher Shah Suri laid foundation of ‘Sur Dynasty’ having defeated the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi since 1540 AD to 1555 AD.

  • Humayun snatched his crown from Sikander Suri again and re-cropped the seed of Mughal Empire while camping with his entire army to recapture Delhi in this fort for three days. Mughal Emperor Shahjahan stayed at this fort in 1639 AD while supervising the construction of ‘Red Fort’ & ‘Shahjahanabad’. He renamed this fort as ‘Nurghar’.

  • Aurangzeb declared this Fort as a prison and the subsequent rulers, the British, continued to utilize it as a jail since 1857. He jailed his rebel brother ‘Murad Baksh’ for being confidant and supporter of his elder brother ‘Dara Shikoh’ as found allegedly responsible for abandoning the “fundamental doctrines of Islam”.

  • During British dominance in Indian, this fort became the hub of varied war activities since the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II used to operate and pass mutinous instructions from here but was siege at Humanyun Tomb later by the English rulers. However, Bakht Khan- a trustworthy assistant of Bahadur Shah, tried to accompany him to a safer place but the king headed to Humayun tomb.

  • After the rebellion, the fort was served as an army camp that later became a penitentiary to accommodate the prisoners from the Indian National Army (INA).

Structure:

  • Architectural design: The graceful monument is designed as a triangular plan.

  • Materials used: The walls of graceful fort are made in rubble masonry.

  • Bastions: Bastions in fort are constructed circular in shape.

  • Arch Bridge: This fort is joined to Red Fort on northeastern side with an arched bridge that came into structural shape during the reign of Bahadur Shah Zafar. Thus, the gate is named after the ruler that is constructed of brick masonry using red sandstones selectively.

  • Swatantrata Senani Smarak (Freedom fighter’s memorial): Since India attained freedom from the bondage of British in 1947; thus, the foretold fort is dedicated to the immortal soul of ‘Martyrs and freedom fighters’.