Location: The iconic historical monument, witnessing the ups and downs of varied dynasties, built in 17th century by the Mughal emperor ‘Shah Jahan’ is located in the heart of India, i.e. Delhi. Overtaken by UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007, the accountability of revamping the structure will come into their charge.

Historical Era: 17th century

Stand at the bank: River Yamuna

Founded by: Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan

Construction duration: From 1638 to 1648.

Architect: Ustad Ahmad


  • As the saga of this historic monument goes, the earlier remnant of Red-fort, better known as Qulb Mosque, was built by Tomara King Anagpala.
  • The standing-now structure of Red-fort is surrounded by the moats (dig) meant for protecting the castle from foreign invasion by the Mughal emperor in the then Agra city. The foundation stone of “Qila-i-Mubarak” (the blessed castle) was laid in the pious month of Muharram on 13th May, 1638. Unlike symmetrical walls of other monuments belonging to Mughal, the walls of it are contrarily constructed. The motto to carve this structure was to keep vigil on the entire city in one go by the emperor of medieval era.
  • Another chapter was added to the golden annals of this structure when the descendant of Shah Jahan namely Aurangzeb, added Moti Masjid to the old fort’s entrance route.
    • Subsequent to evidencing degeneration of the palace and inhabitants of the fort in 18th century, it was overtaken by Jehandar Shah in 1712 since the castle had passed 30 years without any master. But as ‘destiny’s plays are peculiar’ Jehadar Shah was murdered by Farukhsiyar within one year. He commanded to chisel away the silver-leaf coating and leaf it with copper-lining on the ceiling of Rang Mahal for overcoming financial crisis.
    • The next lesson of its history was added by Muhammad Shah ‘Rangila’ in 1719 since he was fond of arts and then came the rule of fNadir Shah, the Persian king, in 1739 who looted the riches of the palace including Peacock Throne. But within 3 months, he handed over the kingdom to Muhammad Shah.
    • Now, the dynasty was passed to Marathas in 1752.

Architectural design:

Area: The red fort is encircled in the area of 254.67 acres within 2.4 Kilometre.

Height: 18 m on the river side and 33 m on the brink of the city.

Shape: Octagon

Structure: Marble, floral decorations, double domes.

Architectural style: The confluence of Persian, European and Indian art formed Shahjahani style.

Lahore and Delhi gates: Set to restrict the usage of the gate for the imperial heirs.

Chatta Chowk: A public hub established for trading and dealing in precious, semi-precious and common accessories, such as silk, jewellery etc. it is also a fencing that separated military function area and the public place.