Location: The tallest minaret representing an ancient Islamic Monument of India ‘Qutb Minar’ or ‘Qutub Minar’ is glorifying the dignity of Delhi, the capital of India, while erecting steadily in Mehrauli since ancient era. The tallest monument is adopted as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Foundation laid by: Qutub-ud-din Aibak in 1192
Completed by: Mughal ruler Shamsu’d-Din Illtutmish (during 1211-36 AD)
- Firoz Shah Tughlaq (during 1351-88 AD)
- Sikandar Lodi (during 1489-1517 AD)
- Major R. Smith (in 1829)
History: The idea of Delhi Sultan ‘Qutub-ud-Din Aibak’ to build a Minar carved to reality for the recitation of the mu’azzin (crier) to raise alarm for getting ready to pray from the first storey of the structure. Later, more storeys were built-up one over another as per ordain of subsequent rulers.
This heritage was once utilized for keeping vigil upon each and every activity of the natives from its towering storeys.
- Thematic structural design: The thematic representation moulded on stony structure resembles ‘Honey comb’ through its architecture.
- Height: 72.5 m
- Diameter at base: 14.32 m
- Diameter at top: 2.75 m
- Materials used: Red stone
- Inscriptions: The verses from Quran are embossed on the walls and pillars of the minar in Parso-Arabic and Nagari echoing the history of its construction.
- Qubbat-ul-Islam Mosque: The north-eastern portion of the historical structure was designed and built for serving the purpose of a mosque as per behest of Delhi-sultan ‘Qutbu’d-Din Aibak’. Cloisters, columns and architectural structures of Jain temples along with 27 Hindu architects were ruined that is witnessed through the inscriptions.
- Iron Pillar: The pillar signifying Vishnudhvaja (standard of God Vishnu) is made up of iron and various metals that bearing the Sanskrit inscription in Brahmi script of 4th century AD. It briefs the history of Vishnupada that evokes the memory of the gallant king ‘Chandra’. A socket at the top of it forces the witnesses to anticipate that an image of Garuda was fixed there. It is believed that all wishes would come true if one’s hands would be joined while embracing the pillar.
- Other structural briefs: The remains of the Lal Kot (the red castle of Dhilika ruled by the TOmars and the Chauhans) were overlapped by this symbolic ancient structure in which ‘Cylindrical Shafts’ were constructed to separate balconies and Muquarnascorbels.
- Tomb of Iltutmish: This structure was added to Qutub Minar in AD 1235 which is a plain square chamber made of red stone embellished with inscriptions, geometrical & arabesque patterns prevalent in Saracenic tradition at the entrance and interior part of it. The marks of Hindu designers depict via motifs, tassel & wheel etc.
- Stairs: 379 in all.