Location: Historical monument Khirki Masjid is located in South Delhi near Satpula or the seven arched bridge on the outskirt of south wall of Jahapanah (the fourth city of Medieval Delhi).

Etymology: The word ‘Khirki’ means window. The compound meaning of Khirki Masjid is known as ‘the mosque of windows’.

Built by: Khan-i-Jahan Junan Shah (Prime Minister of Feroz Shah Tughlaq)

Period: 1351-1354

Dynasty laid foundation: Tughlaq Dynasty

History:  As most of the Muslim kings delighted to exhibit their interest in architecture as Khan-i-Jahan Junaan Telangani and Feroz Shah Tughlaq were also. So, they decided to build several tombs and mosques. Telangani wanted to prove his devotion towards Islam since he was a Hindu convert. So, he showed it through seven mosques those symbolize peculiar designs. Manifesting a novel cross-axial mosque, it appears more like a fortress or castle.

The name of its constructor is inscribed on its wall yet the period or era of its construction is unknown that denotes absence of ‘epigraphic and literary’.


  • Architectural style:  Islamic Mosque
  • Architect: Khan-i-Jahan Junaan Shah 
  • Area:  52 m (170.6 ft)x52 m (170.6 ft.) square plan in 82 m2
  • Plinth: 3 m (9.8 ft)
  • Courtyard’s area: 9.14 m (30.0 ft.)
  • Columns: 180 square structural column & 60 pilasters
  • Roof: There are 25 symmetrical squares in which 9 small domes are carved. 12 alternate flat roofs are constructed overlapping the actual roof.
  • Number of Courts: four
  • Number of Gateways: Three
  • Southern Gate: The southern gate uncovers the combination of arch and non-symmetrical construction where an ornamental rectilinear frame.
  • Turrets: Circular turrets are flanked over the southern and northern gate. Turrets have joints those manifest as three storeyed monuments. 
  •  Main gate: For leading to qibla on the west of the wall, the main gate will show the way that has projecting mihrab.
  • Pierced Windows: On second floor, perforated screens or jails or tracery, known as Khirkis are visible on the second floor. The lobby in the front of the mihrab is not constructed with magnificence that interrupts the passage of light coming out of the latticed windows.
  • East gate: Eastern gate of the mosque gives view of geometrical patterns leaving ever lasting impression on the minds of the spectators.
  • Mosque walls: The construction of the walls depicts exquisite rubble masonry with plastered surface on the outside.

Traditionally carved interior walls look bland or smooth. The concept of ‘symmetry’ was specially considered by the architect of the mosque that credited it with the title ‘the finest architectural compositions of the Sultanate history’.