Location: The monument recalling the name of the martyrs, popularly named as ‘India Gate’, is located in the nation’s capital Delhi at Rajpath. Names of known and unknown patriots, who lost their lives during the 1st World War and third Anglo-Afghan war (1919), are inscribed on its stony wall declaiming them as ‘immortal souls’.
Year of establishment: 1921
Year of opening: 1933
Designed by: Sir Edwin Lutyens
Resemblance: Arch-de-Triomphe (Paris)
History of this site: Earlier, the old Delhi Railway Station used to be there until 1920s. Subsequently, the Agra-Delhi Railway line was carved out through Delhi and the site of India Gate on Kingsway (now Rajpath). And the railway line was to be made run along the Yamuna River. As a result of introducing that route in 1924, the work of constructing the historical memorial, i.e. India Gate was made possible. In 1926, the New Delhi Railway Station was brought in-run ahead of the inaugural ceremony of the city in 1931.
Amar Jawan Jyoti (The flame of the immortal warrior) was enshrined under this arch-like memorial that was uncovered for public view on January 26, 1972 by the sanctified hands of the then prime minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi. It pays homage to the patriots in Indo-Pak war of 1971 as it has been made lit continuously since then. This shrine consists of a black marbled tomb with a rifle erected on its barrel crested or tufted by a soldier’s helmet.
Structure: The architecture of India gate appears hexagonal in shape built in the diameter of about 625 metres enclosing approximately 306, 000 m2 area. Red and yellow sandstones are used to embellish this structure.
Canopy: The empty canopy erected at the back of the gate was built using sandstone according to the draft prepared by Lutyens modeled on the pavilion of Mahabalipuram (sixth-century). He laid four Delhi Order columns for resting of domed canopy and its chhajja.
Sculptures: The canopy standing at the rear of India Gate had a fifty-foot tall sculpture of King George V that is made of marble designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. The striking statue of King George is settled on the top of a tall pedestal putting up his ‘Coronation Attire’ and the ‘Imperial State Crown’. The Imperial Coat of Arms along with the words as ‘GEORGE V R I’ is featured on the pedestal. The emblem of British India, i.e. “Order of the Star of India” is fixed near the top. This statue was shifted to Coronation Park later.