Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib
Location: ‘Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib’ shrine dedicated to ninth Sikh Guru ‘Guru Tegh Bahadur’ is narrating the memoir of martyrdom committed by the foretold Sikh guru while being situated in Chandni Chowk, old Delhi.
Significance: The holy shrine immortalizing the name of ninth Sikh Guru briefs the tale of sacrificial love for religion. Guru Tegh Bahadur’s head was butchered on the order of Mughal Emperor ‘Aurangzeb’ for denying conversion of his religion from Sikh to Islam on 11th November 1675 AD.
Year of its establishment: 1783
Year of it re-establishment: 1930
Historical significance: Since the shrine attributed to Sikh Guru, who was beheaded for refusing to subjugate before the tyranny of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, he was termed as a ‘Martyr’ whose body was stolen in the darkness of night by his own disciple Lakhi Shah Vanjara. He, later, set his house on blaze for cremating the corpse of the dead guru. This way, he averted the humiliation of the admirable guru’s body that would have been chopped for exhibition in public by Mughal.
Another disciple namely Bhai Jaita landed on the ground of Anandpur Sahib with the head of the beheaded guru. He handed it over to his son Gobind Rai who fetched the fame later as being received the epithet of Sikh’s tenth Guru, i.e. Guru Gobind Singh.
After invading in Delhi with his army on 11th march 1783, Sikh Military leader Baghel Singh occupied his right over the Diwan-i-Aam that was the property of Mughal Empire. At this, Mughal Shah Alam II signed on the pact with Baghel Singh allowing the Sikh leader to build Gurudwara on the places which were significant for Sikh religion along with the right of getting share of six annas (37.5 %) in a rupee as octroi duties in the capital. Thus, the structure of Sis Ganj Gurudwara came into existence within eight months’ duration in 1783 (from April to November) signifying one of the six vital Gurudwara raised in the city. But later, it became the disputed monument for assigning it the tag of either mosque or Gurudwara.
After long litigation procedure, it was declared as a Gurudwara during ‘British Rule’ by the Privy Council.
- Sacrificial spot: The tree, under which ninth Sikh Guru was beheaded, is still there intact. The well is also present here as preserved where the guru was brought for taking bath in the prison.
- Historical Kotwali: The older police station where the guru was caged and tortured is also located adjoining the Gurudwara. The Delhi Sikh Gurudwara Management Committee was accorded the authority of the Kotwali around 2000.
- Gold leafed dome: Since the day, the right of the shrine was rendered to Sikhs, the Gurudwara is reformed. It’s dome is revamped by covering it with gold guild all over its round structure.