Badrinath adobe is one of the famous four Adobes of India. The word ‘Badri’ connotes berry which are found in galore in that particular province whereas ‘Nath’ refers to the mighty lord. It is considered as the vital place, to get averted from the sin which a specific individual has ever committed in his life, established by the Hindu divine deity namely ‘Vishnu’. That’s why it is known as a pious shrine of lord divinity ‘Badri’ aka ‘Vishnu’. Adi Shankara spotted this shrine in ninth century and re-established it.
Badrinath temple is situated at the bank of river Alaknanda in the tranquil and scintillating beautiful valley of Garhwal at the elevation of 3,415 meters or 11,204 ft. It lies in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand state which appears studded amidst Nar and Narayana mountain ranges under the shed of Neelkantha peak. It is 301 km away from Rishikesh and 233 Km away from Gaurikund.
The annexed legends to Badrinath pilgrimage are as follows:
- The penitence led lord Vishnu to Badri or Badrikaashram while he was incarnated in the dual form of Nara- Narayana as per evidence of Hindu scriptures.
- Lord Vishnu rested in medication for couple of centuries and his spouse goddess Lakshmi kept him shedding from the scorching heat of the sun by acquiring the shape of Badri tree. Hence, this place has been bestowed with flora of Badri bushes lavishly and called as Badri-Vishal.
- The curse-reliever and holiest river Ganges granted the request of ‘Bhagiratha’ for emancipating or relieving the humanity from sin or curse of sufferings. But fervent intensity of Ganges while ascending to earth was unbearable by the earth alone as it might have been immersed into the water of Ganges. Thus, Lord Shiva bore her onto his tresses and eventually, it was channelized into twelve holy rivers and Alaknanda is one of them.
- Pandavas of Mahabharata ascended via ‘Swargarohini-the ascent to heaven’ and the town of Mana in the north of Badrinath for en routing Heaven.
- Local legend briefs that Shankara enshrined black stoned idol (made of Saligram stone) symbolizing lord Vishnu in Badrinath beside Tapt Kund or hot spring in 16th century. Later, Garhwal’s ruler established that idol in the present shrine.
The 5o ft. tall cave of Badrinath temple has a small cupola at its crown plated with gold gilt. Its arched window looks aesthetic and enticing embedded in the stony frontal part. The Buddhists Vihar like resemblance of its broad staircase ascends to arched threshold of the entrance at the mouth of brightly painted façade. The large Mandapa (main pillared hall) leads to garbh griha or the main shrine of the temple where intricate carving seems ready to win visitors heart.