Qila Rai Pithora
Location: The heritage ‘Qila Rai Pithora’ is a world heritage site that’s relics are stretching across South Delhi which are manifested in present Saket, Mehrauli surrounding Qutb complex, kishangarh and Vasant Kunj provinces.
Another name: Pithora’s Fort
Foundation Period: 12th century
Aligning monument: Lal Kot
Founder Dynasty: Chauhan king ‘Prithvi Raj Chauhan’
Etymology: The literal Persian meaning of the word ‘Qila’ connotes castle or fort.
Reigned Dynasties: Tomar, Chauhan and Slave dynasty
History: The Chauhan kings subjugated the throne of Delhi after defeating Tomars in 1160s when he conquered Lal Kot, termed as the first graphical city of Delhi. Afterwards, Prithviraj Chauhan began to construct Lal Kot’s large building rubble walls and ramparts while being the ruler of Rajasthan who shifted his capital to Ajmer of the same state. The ruler renamed it (fort) Qila Rai Pithora or Qila of Rai Pithora. After getting it allied in a single monument, it was projected to six and a half Km. The city is still-in-existence with the fort where Lal Kot appears as a citadel.
Chauhan rulers did not reign for long since Afghans began invasion in 1190s. Nonetheless, Chauhans conquered over Muhammad Gauri in the first Battle of Tarain in 1191. But the very next year in 1192, his general Qutubuddin Aibak defeated Prithviraj Chauhan in the second Battle of Tarain that led to termination of Chauhan dynasty. Meanwhile, the foundation of Muslim rule was laid in India with Mamluk dynasty that is also famous as Slave dynasty (the first Sultanate of Delhi). Reviving the name of the city as ‘Dihli’, he renamed the city. The lineage of Mughal dynasty didn’t made any amendments in the structure of the fort.
Important sections of the fort:
- Gateway of Rai Pithora Fort
- Round bastions of Rai Pithora.
- Bastion of Jahanpanah meets the wall of Qila Rai Pithora fort.
- Walls of Lal Kot and Rai Pithora’s fort at the converging point
- Entrance signage for Qila Rai Pithora complex