Location: Modeled on the Charbagh structure of Persian style but representing Islamic style, Mughal Gardens, are located within the enclosed walls consisting of rectilinear layouts, pools, canals & fountains at the location Rashtrapati Bhawan, Raisina Hills in New Delhi.

Visiting Time: February month

History: As the text scripted in memoirs and autobiography state the concept of carving out the magnificent gardens was an outcome of Mughal’s freakiness for art and architecture. They brought with them the idea of nesting in the lap of nature for passing few moments of joy and bliss revitalizing the vigor. Babur, the 1st Mughal, ordered to build gardens in Lahore and Dholpur. Though his descendent ‘Humanyun’ spent his life in the quest of expansion of his dynasty yet he used to devote some short-cum-valuable rejuvenating moments in the riverfront gardens of Delhi and Agra (Akbar’s new capital of India). Akbar’s descendant Jahangir showed les interest in building such winsome gardens but one, i.e. the famous Shalimar Garden, has been exhibiting his great passion and immortal love for flowers. But subsequent to Kashmir visit, he inclined towards the trend of naturalistic and plentiful floral designs.

Shah Jahan, son of Jahagir, took garden architecture to the horizon by flourishing and nurturing the floral designs and patterns. He ordered to develop the Mahtab Bagh (a night garden) flourishing with the night-blooming jasmine and other pale gardens appearing amazingly awesome while outshining the splendid look of white marbled pavilion that illuminates the ambience in the moonlight.

Mrs. Villiers Stuart, as being a wife of a Colonel and herself, as a writer, she got chance to reside in Pinjore Gardens that evoked a thought to be woven in the script written about gardens in her book ‘Gardens of the Great Mughals’(1913). Taking advantage of her wise thoughts, she was given priority for considering the maintenance of an important Mughal Garden. Edwin Lutyen, the chief architect designed the map of Delhi, was influenced by her fondness for the Mughals’ garden architecture. Thus, the draft of such incredible gardens was realized into captivating & bewitching natural views of Mughal Gardens.

Design:

  • Design style: Being passionate about the art, Mughal Emperors imprinted their impression on the golden annals of Indian history by carving beautiful architectural monuments out of stones along with the formal designs of parks and enchanting gardens. Mughal Garden is modeled on the medieval Islamic gardens with a slight influence of the Turkish-Mongolian ancestry.
  • Fenced Gardens: The medieval Islamic architecture favored the fencing of the gardens in order to protect it from the invasion of the foreign elements. 
  • Elements: The exotic sight of nature with majestic elegance in Mughal Gardens comprise an expansive lush green field herded with the blooming buds and rainbow flowers dispersing aroma of diverse variety. The pool and running water evoke the winsome picture of heaven on earth. Dense trees laden with ripe and unripe fruits along with shady leaves rise feeling of calm and tender touch of soothing natural view. Numerable birds perch, tweet and chirp echoing melodious sound while residing in the pleasurable ambience of splendid gardens. The presence of hillock at the mid section of it realizes the vivid image of the cosmology that is captivated by a pavilion or palace.

Iconic symbols:

  • Numerological and Zodiacal significance: The Turkish-Mongolian elements found in Mughal Gardens seem always ready to reflect the nomadic roots through inclusion of tents, carpets and canopies. Each of the elements interprets a meaningful symbol, for instance, tents signify status in the society while fabrics and its size or number symbolize wealth and power. 

Mughal’s obsession with art coins the idea of symbols’ incorporation with their gardens. They related standard ‘Quranic references’ to the peculiar charismatic scene of ‘paradise’ that reflects in their structures, layout and pleasurable picturesque landscapes that are marked as “art-at-marvel”.  The utility of number eight and nine used to be considered as an auspicious step; thereby, the number of terraces o gardens are found in the formerly said numbers, such as octagonal shaped pools.