Introduction: The peculiar yet very auspicious occasion as per mention in Hindu scriptures, Mauni Amavasya, signifies the alliance of the sun and moon. Taking dip in the sanctified water available at the confluence of Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati (called Triveni Sangam) credits more merits to the list of celebrants’ karmas.

Occurrence: Mauni Amavasya falls on the 15th day of the dark fortnight of Magh or in January- February (as per Gregorian calendar).

Etymology: The word Mauni literary stands for an ascetic who meditates while remaining mum.

Religious Significance and rituals: Dedicated devotees observe this Amavasya as a ‘Spiritual Penance’ that ensures calming down of the restless subconscious level since the customary ritual associated with this occasion is to remain silent that tends to sooth and heal the spirit of observers. One of the enormous spiritual events called Kumbh Mela, occurs at the interval of 12 years, and is symbolically meritorious in every respect of religion as the participants become liable to have their share in the best award given by the deity.

Kalpavasis at confluence (Sangam) in Prayag (Allahabad) becomes the pilgrimage where devotees throng in massive numbers for meditating this whole day. The beaches at confluence of rivers’ water appeared flocked as the devotees from round the world visit the spot for taking holy bath.

Since ‘Mauna’ stands for ‘silence’ and  ‘Muni’ is a synonym of a saint or sage thus, the combine derivation of both foretold words bring it to conclusion that ‘Mauni’ is the process of exploring oneness in self. The spiritual journey for communion with the deity essentially needs peeping in self for tracing the call of self. For instance, Swami Shivanand practiced silence that he thought to be the basic principle for evolving ‘divinity’ in self. It is termed as an effective remedy of getting off the distractions that lead to avaricious deeds.

Historical significance:

  • The Hindu scriptures states that the universe came into existence on this Amavasya.
  • Sage Manu was appeared in the earth on this day when the sun and the moon enter into Capricorn sign.
  • The holy dip in Triveni Sangam water exempts people from their sins and makes them pure.