Mahadev Temple, Tambdi Surla
Location: An ancient Shaivite temple, known as Mahadev Temple, has been a sacred Hindu pilgrimage situated in a small village called Tambdi Surla which is 13 Km east of Bolcornem village in Goa.
Presiding deity: Lord Shiva
Nearby river: River Surla
Historical era of its foundation: 12th century
Founder dynasty: Kadamba dynasty
Founder: Hemadri (one of the ministers of Ramchandra, the Yadava ruler)
Pious occasion to visit the shrine: Mahashivratri
Description of the temple:
- Architectural style: Hemadpanthi style.
- Testimonial specimen architecture: This shrine stands captivating the soul of the spectators by the mingling exquisite architectural styles prevalent during Kadamba & Yadava reigns. Another trace of Kadamba dynasty is witnessed through a carved figure of an enormous elephant at the bottom of one of the pillars which is manifesting as trampling the horse.
- Material used: Basalt of Deccan plateau.
- Inner Sanctum: The enshrined lingam of lord Shiva is studded at the pedestal inside the inner sanctum for spreading the halo and reverence in the atmosphere of the holy region.
- Various divisions of the shrine: The most solemn shrine has various divisions which are laid ahead:
- Nandi Mandapa erected on pier
- Carving: The four erected piers inside the shrine has the specimen of marvel and splendor that is reflected through the complex intricate sculpting of elephants, chains that is designed to support the stone ceiling with embellishing and elegantly carved Ashtoken lotus flowers.
- Figurines: Unlike idols of other temples, the figurines of lord Shiva, Lord Brahma along with their consorts are finely chiseled on the panels as ‘Bar-relief figures’.
- Mandapa: Mandapa is a pillared hall that has a stony shed of plain grey sloping slabs.
- Headless Nandi: The dismantled shrine has left the lord Shiva’s vehicle, Nandi, as beheaded in the centre of the Mandapa which is surrounded by four piers.
- Entrance: As per Vaastu science, this shrine is built as east facing which gives route to the sun- rays to submerge the deities’ figurines into its milky and sacred light.