Gateway of India
Location: The testimony of British dictatorship namely Gateway of India is located on the face of Arabian Sea in the Apollo Bunder area in South Mumbai. Referred to the Taj Mahal of Mumbai, it appears like a gem at edge of Chhatrapati Shivaji Marg, which overlooks the Mumbai Harbour.
Year of foundation: 31st March 1911
Year of Completion: 1924
Cost incurred on its construction: Rs. 2.1 million
Nearby tourists spot: Elephanta Caves and Taj Mahal Palace Hotel
Founded by: Sir George Sydenham Clarke in March 1911 (former Governor of Mumbai)
Architect: George Wittet
Caretaker: Archaeological Survey of India
Historical significance: This ancient structure was a crude protective stony structure (called jetty). The fishing community used to use it for its purposes. But as it was at the bank of Arabian Sea in Colaba district, so it was revamped as a port for British Majesties King George V and Queen Mary as well as other prominent dignitaries to land.
The foundation of this monument was laid by Sir George Sydenham Clarke on 31st March 1911, who was designated as the Governor of Bombay at that time. After getting approval of its plan in 1914, the finishing and furnishing of it were completed in 1919. The inauguration of it held on 4 December 1924 by the then viceroy and the Earl of Reading. Thence, it became a hub to enter and access the rich and beautiful India.
On 28th February 2014, the first ‘Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry’ marched through this structure marking the joyous moment of India’s freedom from the clutch of the British rule.
This ancient structure has witnessed three terror attacks since the dawn of 21st century. Two out of three occurred in 2003 while the worst one was noticed when four gunmen besieged the Taj Mahal Palace and Tower in 2008.
- Architectural style: Indo Saracenic style (16th century architecture of Gujarat)
- Height: 25 meters (83 feet)
- Diameter of dome: 15 meters (48 feet)
- Material used: Yellow Basalt and concrete
- Hall’s capacity: approximately 600 people
- Statues: The statue of Maharaj Chhatrapati Shivaji is erected opposite to this monument representing the ‘pride and courage of Maratha Empire’. It was unveiled in 1961 on account of Republic Day, i.e. 26th January.
Another Statue enhancing beauty and significance of the nearby place is of Swami Vivekananda.